The cane toads are also called “Marine Toad” or “Giant Neotropical Toad”. The cane toads have a natural habitat in the South and Central America. Some of Cane toads were also brought to Northern Australia. These are some of the Cane Toads Australia Facts that you should know about. The cane toad is the largest toad in the world. They are some of the oldest toad species in the world. Cane toads can live for 10 and 15 years and up to 35 years in captivity.
The cane toads are one of the most poisonous animals in the world, you can not even think that they can kill even snakes. The cane toad is a cold-blooded animal, due to which they can remain alive underwater and outside the water without any problem. They are born near water, due to which they need gills to breathe. But they lose gill as they grow up. Cane Toads are an amphibian and due to which they cannot drink water, it now absorbs water through their skin.
Do you know when and for whom the cane toad was brought to Australia?
The answer lies in a story. In 1935, cane beetles were destroying the sugar cane cultivation of Australia, then cane toads were brought to kill cane beetle. You will not believe that only 102 toads, were brought to Hawaii, Australia in June 1935 for cane beetles. Out of 102 toads, there were 51 male and 51 female cane toads. And within 1 week they had been in thousands.
Although it seemed like a very good idea at first. But the beetles sit on top of the sugar cane, due to which the toads do not reach them. Because the cane toads Australia are very heavy. But in today’s day, you cannot imagine how many will be there. Is it not the Amazing cane toad fact.
Do you know how many toads in Australia now?
You would not believe that there are more than 200 million cane toads in Australia today. You must be wondering how many cane toads came to Australia in such a short time? Because the female cane toad can lay 30,000 to 50,000 eggs at a time and they lay eggs twice in a year. And because of which they are covering 50 KM every year.
There is a film “film Cane Toads: An Unnatural History” to document the trials and tribulations of the introduction of cane toads in Australia.
Do you know how dangerous cane-toads are?
It is so poisonous that if someone eats them from eggs to adult stage, to paralysis, convulsions, excessive salivation, or even death. Because there is a large swelling called parotide glands on each shoulder behind their ears. This is where they carry their milky white toxin (bufotoxin). Their skin and other glands on their back are also toxic. Due to their increasing population, the native animals of Australia are in a lot of trouble.
Do you know how strong toads are?
The habitat of cane toads can be rainforests, coastal mangroves, sand dunes, shrubs, and woodlands. They do not require much water for breeding. They can also survive temperatures between 5 ° C – 40 ° C, so you can easily see them even the cold winter weather of South Australia.
How WWF-Australia is helping Australia’s native animals to protect them from the cane toad invasion?
we can’t stop the cane toad invasion in Australia, we can help native species survive them. In partnership with the WWF-Australia, Cane Toad Coalition are working to train native predators to recognize Cane toads and avoid the taste of cane toads. It’s called taste aversion training.
It’s a bit like getting food poisoning at a restaurant and never going back there. They are leaving small cane toads in important habitats, native hunters find small amounts of venom that make them sick but cannot kill them. Because of which new predators search cane toad and eat them.
Top Cane Toads Australia Facts:-
- The cane toads can eat anything that fits in their mouth. They do not care that he is dead that alive they just need to eat. Some of their mines are household scraps, pet food, carrion etc.
- Adult cane toad size can range from 10 to 15 cm (4 to 6 in) in length. And their weight can range from 2.9 to 4.4 pounds. Female cane toads are larger than male cane toads. The size of the largest dog seen in the world was 24 cm (9.4 inches).
- The cane toads have olive-brown, reddish-brown back, and their belly is of yellow or creamy color. Their skin is warty and dry.
- The cane toad produces a strong toxin called “bufotoxin” which disturbs the normal functioning of the heart. The toxin is produced from the parotid glands near the shoulders and several small glands on the back.
- Bufotoxin toxin is a mixture of 14 different compounds. Cane toads are usually the last food of many large predators. Animals often die 15 minutes after eating the cane toads.
In the end, the cane-toads had already devastated Queensland and are now killing the animals around there as well. Whoever comes in their way, they also destroy them. Because of which animals have become difficult to live in Australia and within a few years they will reach the Western Australian coast.
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